June, 2014

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Protection of Life and Personal Liberty

Fundamental rights: Right to freedom:

PROTECTION OF LIFE AND PERSONAL LIBERTY:

No citizen shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to the procedure established by law. Right to Life means the right to lead meaningful, complete and dignified life. It also includes:

Right to speedy trial , Right to go abroad, Right to privacy, Right against solitary confinement , Right against delayed execution, Right to shelter, Right against custodial death, Right against public hearing, Doctor’s assistance.

Protection in Respect of Conviction for Offences

Fundamental rights: Right to freedom:

PROTECTION IN RESPECT OF CONVICTION FOR OFFENCES:

1)      Persons can be convicted of offences only relating to VIOLATION OF LAW.

2)      No person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once. (DOUBLE JEOPARDY)

3)      No person who has been accused of an offence can be a witness against himself.

What can be a better example of understanding the concept of DOUBLE JEOPARDY other than the Hollywood movie “Double Jeopardy” itself. As shown in the movie, once a punishment has been served no person can be punished for the same offence again. This has been adopted in the Indian Constitution also and is OUR FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT UNDER RIGHT TO FREEDOM.

Air Travel Benefits

Benefits for Senior Citizens :

Travel Benefits by Air:

  1. AIR INDIA provides 50 per cent Senior Citizen Discount on Normal Economy Class fare for all domestic flights to Indian senior citizens who have completed the age of 63 years subject to certain conditions.
  2. Senior Citizens (65 years and above) are entitled for concession on basic adult fare in Economy class, on all domestic sectors operated by JETKONNECT.
  3. Senior citizens of 65 years of age and above are entitled for concession on basic adult fare in Economy class, on all sectors within India operated by JET AIRWAYS.

 

Travel Benefits by Trains

Travel Benefits by Trains:

Benefits for Senior Citizens provided by the government (as mentioned on the National Portal of India – www.india.gov.in):

When it comes to commuting by trains, the Indian Railways provides A FLAT 40 PER CENT REBATE TO MALE SENIOR CITIZENS AND A FLAT 50 PER CENT REBATE TO FEMALE SENIOR CITIZENS ON FARES IN ALL CLASSES OF ALL TRAINS. This includes Sleeper Class, First Class, Air Conditioned (AC) Chair and First Class AC in all trains including Shatabdi and Rajdhani Expresses.

The minimum age defined for male senior citizens for availing this particular rebate is 60 years, while for female senior citizens it is 58 years.

Right to Freedom

(1) All citizens shall have the right-

(a) to FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND EXPRESSION; other than those on which the state may impose reasonable restriction.

(b) to ASSEMBLE PEACEFULLY AND WITHOUT ARMS; other than those on which the state may impose reasonable restriction.

(c) to FORM ASSOCIATIONS OR UNIONS; other than those on which the state may impose reasonable restriction.

(d) to MOVE FREELY THROUGHOUT THE TERRITORY OF INDIA; other than those on which the state may impose reasonable restriction.

(e) to RESIDE AND SETTLE IN ANY PART OF THE TERRITORY OF INDIA; other than those on which the state may impose reasonable restriction on for the interest of general public or protection of schedule tribes.

(f) to PRACTISE ANY PROFESSION, OR TO CARRY ON ANY OCCUPATION, TRADE OR BUSINESS other than those on which the state may impose reasonable restriction.

PROTECTION IN RESPECT OF CONVICTION FOR OFFENCES:

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Right to Equality

Fundamental Rights: Right to Equality

1)      All citizens are equally protected by the law. No citizen is above or below the law. The law is for all citizens.

2)      The state cannot discriminate any citizen on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.

  1. Every person shall have equal access to public places like shops, public restaurants, hotels and places of public entertainment like public parks and museums, wells, bathing ghats and temples and roads and places of public resort.
  2. However, the State may make any special provision for women and children.
  3. Special provisions may be made for the advancements of any socially or educationally backward class or scheduled castes or scheduled tribes

3)      Equality in matters of public employment: The State cannot discriminate against anyone in the matters of employment. All citizens can apply for government jobs. However there maybe some exceptions where certain jobs are reserved for backward classes, scheduled castes or scheduled tribe.

4)      “Untouchability” is abolished and its practice in any form is forbidden.

5)      The constitution prohibits the State from conferring any titles. The British government had created an aristocratic class known as Rai Bahadurs and Khan Bahadurs in India – these titles were also abolished

Fundamental Rights

As a common citizen the first thing you should acquaint yourself with are your fundamental rights. These are basic human rights provided in our Constitution and Violation of these rights results in punishments.

The constitution guarantees protection of our fundamental rights. If any fundamental right is breached we can move a writ directly to the HIGH COURT or SUPREME COURT.

1)      Right to equality

2)      Right to freedom

3)      Right against exploitation

4)      Right to freedom of religion

5)      Right to life

6)      Cultural and educational rights

7)      Right to constitutional remedies

STAND UP FOR YOUR RIGHT!! BE LEGALLY WISE!!